About Syria


Country

Area total: 185,180 sq km
Land: 183,630 sq km
Water: 1,550 sq km
Border Countries: Iraq 605 km, Jordan 375 km, Israel 76 km, Lebanon 375 km, Turkey 822 km
Land use: arable: 24.9%; permanent crops: 5.69%, other 69,41 (2011 est.)
Irrigated land:  13,410 sq km (2010 est.)
Major Rivers: Euphrates
Terrain: Primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west
Climate: Mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Natural hazards: Dust storms, sandstorms

 


People

Population:

21.4 Mio. (2014 est.)

# of PIN: 9.3 Mio.; # of IDPs: 6.5 Mio.; # of Syrien refugees in neighbouring countries and North Africa: 2.5 Mio.

Ethnic groups:

Syrian Arabs and indigenous Syrias Arameans 90%, Kurdish 9%, Syrian Turkoman, Syriacs/Assyrian, Armenians, Circassians 1%

Age structure:
0-14 years: 35.2%
15-64 years: 61%
65 years and over:

3,8%

Languages spoken: Arabic (official), Kurdish, Aramaic, Circassian (Adyge) and Armenian
People living with HIV/AIDS: less than 500
Religion: Muslim 87% (Shia 13%,Sunni 74%), Christian or other 10%, Druze 3%

Economy

GDP: $107,6 billion (2011 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17.6%
  industry: 22.2%
  services: 60.2% (2013 est.)
Labor force: 5.0 million (2013 est.)
   

Transportation

Railways: 2,052 km
Highways: total 69,873 km
  paved: 63,060 km
  unpaved: 6,813 km (1996 est.)
Waterways: 900 km
Pipelines: oil 2,029 km
  gas 3,170 km (2013 est.)
Ports: Baniyas, Latakia, Tartus
Major Airports: Aleppo, Damascus, Latakia

Assorted

Currency: Syrian pound (SYP)
ISD CODE: 963
Local time: GMT +3 hrs.
Weekend: Friday, Saturday

Map


Provinces